Great Skua

Great Skua

The great skua (Stercorarius skua) is a large seabird in the skua family Stercorariidae. The name skua is believed to originate from the Faroese skúvur and is the only known bird name to originate from the Faroes which has come into regular use elsewhere. In Britain, it is sometimes known by the name bonxie, a Shetland name of Norse origin.



This is a large skua, measuring 50–58 cm (20–23 in) long with a 125–140 cm (49–55 in) wingspan. The adult is streaked greyish brown, with a black cap, while the juvenile is a warmer brown and unstreaked below. Its tail is short and blunt. The flight is direct and powerful. The brown skua's call is a harsh hah-hah-hah-hah; quacking and croaking noises have also been heard.



Distinguishing this skua from the other North Atlantic skuas (Arctic skua, pomarine skua and long-tailed skua) is relatively straightforward. The herring gull size, massive barrel chest and white wing flashes of this bird are distinctive even at a distance. It is sometimes said to give the impression of a common buzzard (which in America would be called a hawk). Identification of this skua is only complicated when it is necessary to distinguish it from the closely related large southern-hemisphere skuas. Some authorities still regard the great skua as conspecific with some of these southern skuas, and as a group they have sometimes been separated in the genus Catharacta, although currently this is not commonly followed.


Genetic studies have found surprising similarities between the great skua and the pomarine skua, despite their dissimilar appearance. Many ornithologists now believe either that the Great Skua originated as a hybrid between the pomarine skua and one of the southern-hemisphere species , presumably as a result of vagrancy or migration across the equator by the southern species, or that the pomarine skua evolved from hybridization of the great skua and one of the small Arctic species. The great skua breeds in Iceland, Norway, the Faroe Islands and the Scottish islands, with a few on mainland Scotland and in the northwest of Ireland.

It breeds on coastal moorland and rocky islands, usually laying two spotted olive-brown eggs in grass-lined nests. Like other skuas, it will fly at the head of a human or other intruder approaching its nest. Although it cannot inflict serious damage, such an experience with a bird of this size is frightening. It is a migrant, wintering at sea in the Atlantic Ocean and regularly reaching North American waters. Vagrant to Mediterranean countries (e.g. Turkey).This bird eats mainly fish, seabirds, eggs, carrion, offal, rodents, rabbits and occasionally berries. It will often obtains fish by robbing gulls, terns and even northern gannets of their catches. It will also directly attack and kill other seabirds, up to the size of great black-backed gulls.

Like most other skua species, it continues this piratical behaviour throughout the year, showing less agility and more brute force than the smaller skuas when it harasses its victims. A common technique is to fly up to a gannet in mid-air and grab it by the wing, so that it stalls and falls into the sea, where the Great Skua then physically attacks it until it surrenders its catch. Due to its size, aggressive nature and fierce defence of its nest, the great skua has little to fear from other predators. While fledglings can fall prey to rats, cats or the Arctic fox, healthy adults are threatened only by greater raptors such as the golden eagle and the white-tailed eagle, and more rarely by the orca.



Tags great skua, stercorarius skua, animal, animalia, chordata, avian, aves, charadriiformes, stercorariidae, chaluha velká, Storkjove, Págalo Grande, isokihu, Grand Labbe, Skúmur, Stercorario maggiore, ootouzokukamome, Grote Jager, Storjo, wydrzyk wielki, Moleiro-grande, Mandriăo-grande, pomorník veľký, Storlabb, bird, seabird, kleptoparasite, nature, wildlife, wildlifepics, dabinda,
 

  

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